jade and paul in a meeting

Are You in the Crosshairs of the Associated Company Tax Rates?

We’re back with another blog post and this time we’re diving into a topic that isn’t everyone’s cup of tea – taxes. But don’t worry, we’re here to make it as enjoyable and straightforward as possible. Strap in and let’s demystify the new corporation tax rules together.

What are the changes?

As of April 1st, 2023 (and no, it wasn’t an April Fool’s prank), there have been some significant changes in the corporation tax laws. Here’s the lowdown:

  1. Companies with profits that are playing a bit of hide and seek and total less than £50k will continue to be taxed at the friendly rate of 19%.
  2. Those with profits feeling a bit more confident, between £50k and £250k, will be greeted by a still reasonable tax rate of 26.5%.
  3. And for those brave souls whose profits exceed £250k, they’re looking at a flat rate of 25%.

Now, you might be wondering about this £50k threshold we mentioned. It’s not as roomy as it first appears. Much like sharing a dessert, this threshold needs to be split between your company and any other associated companies. The effect? Well, your slice of the pie could be smaller than you initially thought.

Fear not, your trusted accounting partners, should be on the case and we’re here to guide you through this labyrinth. Your accountant will need to know about any other companies you’re involved with, either as a shareholder or director. The same goes for any companies your family members are involved with. This isn’t us accountants just being nosy, promise! It’s all to ascertain whether the associated company rules apply to you and potentially other connected businesses.

We understand that these changes may feel a bit like navigating uncharted waters. If this is going to cause any tax-related stress, rest assured that we’re prepared to assist. We can work with you to plan the most tax-efficient course.

So, let’s sail through these tax changes together. As always, we are committed to lightening the load of tax law changes and making the journey as smooth and pleasant as possible.

Stay tuned for more updates and remember to keep those smiles on. After all, nothing is as certain as change… and taxes!

Mini Budget 2022

Last week, as part of the mini-budget, the government began announcing help for small businesses. This blog gives you the details of what matters and how this could impact your business.

At a top level, the mini-budget, the government’s Growth Plan and announcements on energy caps are very good news for small businesses. Excuse the pun, but in many ways, the government has put its hand into its pocket to keep the lights on for small businesses this winter. It’s also changed decades of fiscal discipline and if you believe the media and political pundits it is a very risky move. After all, the government still needs to pay back what it borrowed to support individuals and businesses during the worst of Covid-19.

At a glance, these are the changes that impact you and your small business:

Income tax: Not including Scotland

  • The basic rate has been cut by 1p to 19p from April 2023.
  • From April 2023, the higher rate of Income Tax, 45%, has been scrapped.

Corporation tax: 

  • The planned increase in corporation tax from 19% to 25% has been scrapped.
  • This means that from April 2023, the rate will remain at 19% for all firms.

National Insurance: 

  • The 1.25% increase in National Insurance introduced in April 2022 has now been scrapped. I.e. from November 6th 2022.
  • The Health and Social Care Levy due to be introduced in April 2023 has been scrapped.
  • No change to the threshold that individuals pay National Insurance, i.e. £12,570
  • Eligible businesses still get up to £5000 in employment allowance to reduce their annual National Insurance Liability.

Dividend tax: The 1.25% increase to rates introduced in April 2022 has been reversed from April 2023

Annual investment allowance: The temporary increase from £200k to £1m has been made a permanent increase. This gives 100% tax relief to businesses on their plant and machinery investments up to £1m.

IR35 rules changed: The 2017 and 2021 changes to off-payroll working are to be repealed from April 2023. This means workers providing their services via an intermediary will once again be responsible for determining their employment status and paying the appropriate amount of tax and National Insurance contributions.

Company Share Option Plan: From April 2023 companies can now grant up to £60k (up from £30k) of share options to each eligible employee.

Seed enterprise investment scheme (SEIS):

  • The amount a company can raise under SEIS has been raised from £150k to £250k
  • The amount an individual can invest in SEIS shares has been doubled from £100k to £200k
  • The scheme has been extended to companies with gross assets under £350k

Energy price guarantee and Energy Bill Relief Scheme:

Businesses will pay no more than £211 per megawatt hour for electricity and £75 per megawatt hour for gas. This applies to all energy supply contracts entered into after 1st April. The energy companies will apply the discount. The energy bill relief scheme will operate until March 31st 2023 and potentially be extended after this date for businesses in certain sectors.

Under the energy price guarantee, the highest amount domestic households will have to pay is 34p per kWh of electricity and 10.3p per kWh of gas. The standing charge – the fee customers pay for being connected to the energy grid – will be 46p per day for electricity and 28p per day for gas. This energy price guarantee will last 2 years. A typical household can expect to pay about £2500 a year for their energy.

Investment zones: These new investment zones will benefit from tax incentives, planning liberalisation and wider support for the local economy.

VAT-free digital shopping scheme for visitors to the UK: Visitors to the UK will be able to claim back VAT on goods bought in the high street, airports and other departure points and exported from the UK in their personal baggage. The date for this scheme to go live is currently unknown.

What you need to do now?


If you run your own payroll, then you will need to check that your payroll software provider will be implementing the changes to National Insurance in time for November. If we run your payroll, we will ensure that the changes happen seamlessly.

Personal tax return

The changes to income tax rates and national insurance take effect for the 2022/2023 tax year. They will not impact your personal tax bill for the 2021/2022 tax year. With 2 rates of National Insurance, this will make your 2022/2023 personal tax return more complicated than normal. Please contact us if you would like us to do your personal tax return for the 2022/2023 tax year.

Do a new budget and reforecast your cashflow

The energy price guarantee and changes to employers’ national insurance rates mean that your business’s costs have materially changed for the year. Please contact us if you want help to see how this changes your business’s cost structure going forward.

Revisit your personal and business tax planning strategy

This was anything but a mini-budget. It is a massive change in fiscal policy and direction. This means you may need to rethink your personal and business tax planning strategy going forward. Changes, in particular to the SEIS scheme, may mean there are more tax planning options now open to you and your business. Once again get in touch with us if you have any questions or need help.

New National Insurance threshold comes into effect from 6th July 2022

Back in his Spring Statement in March of 2022, then Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced significant changes to National Insurance. The first of which came into effect in April when NI contributions were raised from 12% to 13.25%.

What is changing in July?

This month sees some respite however with the implementation of Sunak’s second change; a raise of the primary threshold for National Insurance. From July 6th this has been raised from £9880 to £12,570, bringing it in line with the personal allowance for income tax for the first time.

This change means that anyone earning less than approximately £35,000 will pay less National Insurance this year, and employees will see this change reflected in their pay this month. The Prime Minister has stated that this will mean the average worker will receive a tax cut of £330 a year. If you earn below this threshold then you will no longer pay National Insurance contributions at all. If you are a higher earner however, you will still be paying more National Insurance than you were last year.

Will this help the cost-of-living crisis?

Taxes are still at their highest rate for 40 years and the cost of living crisis continues to grow. With a new Chancellor in place it will be interesting to see what, if any, changes he makes to ease the pressure on low and middle earners. We will have a full report of the Autumn statement when it is given, and in the meantime will continue to update you as soon as anything changes.

pregnant lady with heart

Did your pregnancy affect your claim?

Ask HMRC to verify you had a new child which affected your eligibility for the self-employed income support scheme. 

If you are self-employed or a member of a partnership, and having a new child affected the trading profits or total income you reported for the tax year 2018 to 2019, use the HMRC form to ask them to verify that you had a new child.

If you are already eligible for the grant based on your 2016 to 2017, 2017 to 2018 and 2018 to 2019 Self-Assessment tax returns, how HMRC will work out your grant amount will not be affected.

If you are not already eligible you can ask HMRC to check if you had a new child which either:

  • affected your trading profits or total income you reported for the tax year 2018 to 2019
  • meant you did not submit a Self-Assessment tax return for the tax year 2018 to 2019

For this scheme having a new child is any of the following:

  • being pregnant
  • giving birth (including a stillbirth after more than 24 weeks of pregnancy) and the 26 weeks after giving birth
  • caring for a child within 12 months of birth if you have parental responsibility
  • caring for a child within 12 months of adoption placement

You must have been self-employed in the tax year 2017 to 2018 and have submitted your Self-Assessment tax return on or before 23 April 2020.

You must also meet all other eligibility criteria.

a Van and a car

Is your van actually a car? – The answer may surprise you.

“Should I buy a car or a van” is a question we frequently get asked at 1 Accounts. Our recommendation is usually van. This is because you can claim back the VAT and the taxable benefit in kind is usually much less than a car (unless electric).

As the benefits of buying a van outweigh the benefits of buying a car, It is important that your van is actually classified as a van. In our opinion HMRC have been fairly “woolly” over the definition. In most cases if the vehicle is capable of transporting goods and has a 1 tonne pay load it has been treated as a van.; regardless of if there are seats behind the driver.

HMRC have a published list of what they determine to be a car or a van. You will see in some cases that the pack purchased can affect the classification:  However due to the developments in the recent Coca-cola case these classifications may come under scrutiny from HMRC.


The coca-cola case

Coca-cola provided their employees with vehicles based on a panel van design, however these vehicles had a second row of seats behind the driver. Employees could use them for both personal and work purposes. Coca-cola argued that these vehicles were vans. HMRC said they were cars.

The first tier tribunal determined that because the vehicles were multi-purpose they couldn’t be considered a van. Therefore by default they had to fall into the ‘car’ bracket and should be taxed accordingly.


Your van could be classed as a car if:

  • It has a row of seats behind the driver
  • It has a dule purpose eg. It can carry goods and passengers

If you van has these things you will seriously need to consider if it is used as a van or a car. We believe that now it has come to light, HMRC will be looking more closely at the classifications and will be taking a much harsher approach than before.

The judgement as you can see from this link is extensive and has tax implications for both Tax and VAT.


We recommend that you review your fleet and make the necessary adjustments now.

Business bounce back loan - boy on trampoline

Business Bounce Back Loans

Business Bounce Back Loans – what are they and should you apply for one?

Since the scheme launched in May 2020 (just 3 months ago), more than 860,000 bounce back loans have been issued. This means that thousands of small businesses who are struggling due to the coronavirus have applied for and received financial help; help of which will hopefully get them through this turbulent time. So what are bounce back loans? Here is what you need to know about them including a list of questions to help you decide whether you should apply for one.

Business Bounce Back Loans

While there has been a lot of financial support being dished out due to the impact of the Coronavirus, there are small businesses that can’t access this funding quickly enough; self-employed people who don’t qualify for the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme, and limited company directors who have fallen through the cracks.

For these businesses and individuals, the ones who aren’t covered by other schemes, bounce back loans are a saving grace.

So what are bounce banks loans?

Bounce back loans are 100% government-backed loans which include the following:

  • Loan amount from £2,000-£50,000 or 25% of your annual turnover (whichever is lower)
  • No interest charged in the first 12 months (the Government covers the first year)
  • No repayments needed in the first 12 months
  • After 12 months, all banks charge a fixed 2.5% interest rate/year
  • 6-year loan with no early repayment charges
  • Straightforward application and quick access to funds

Obviously, your business will always remain responsible for the repayment of the whole debt amount, but bounce back loans will provide you with significant support over the next 12 months.

Should I apply?

To help you decide whether you should apply for a bounce back loan, here are some questions for you to consider. If your answer is yes to a number of these questions then you are eligible to receive support.

  • Am I a UK-based business that has been impacted by Covid-19?
  • Was my business established before 1 March 2020?
  • Is this the only support that I am applying for (with the exception of personal support)?
  • Do I need financial help in addition to the self-employment income support grant and universal credit?
  • Do I need to repay existing finance, i.e. lenders?
  • Do I need help to pay investments or working capital for the business – including bills, running costs and wages?
  • Do I need capital immediately (within 24 hours)?

Things to note

If you would like to apply for a bounce back loan, all you have to do is contact a bank directly and fill in a short online application. You will need details of your annual turnover, your account number, the amount you wish to borrow, a copy of your tax return, and proof that your business has been negatively impacted by Covid-19.

In terms of repayments, there are no interest or repayments in the first year but after those 12 months, you will need to make 60 repayments of the amount borrowed. Unlike a personal loan, however, you won’t have fixed payments. Each month, you’ll repay 1/60th of the capital plus the interest that has accumulated that month. This means that the amount you owe will decrease over time and in turn, your repayment amount will decrease too.

If you would like to know more about the Business Bounce Back Loans book in a no-obligation free meeting TODAY!

Have you got a government gateway?

The help and advice that is available from the Government is forever changing. This is the latest update we have on how to apply for the self-employed grant. 

For those who are eligible, you will receive an EMAIL, not a letter as we had thought. Be aware that there are lots of phishing emails out there, HMRC’s email does not ask you to click on anything.

If you are unsure if you are eligible please follow this link –  https://www.gov.uk/guidance/claim-a-grant-through-the-coronavirus-covid-19-self-employment-income-support-scheme. Please make sure to put capital letters for your NI number otherwise it will fail. If you believe you are eligible but the calculator is failing, please get in touch and we will try and help.   

If you qualify you will be able to claim from the 13th/18th of May. To claim you will need a Government Gateway! 

If you do not have one, please follow these steps to set one up. We recommend you do this NOW to avoid any delays. 


If you have forgotten your username and/or password you can get these reset with HMRC. 


From what we have seen, we will not be able to claim your grant through our gateway. This could change, but to avoid the delays in getting your grant please make sure your gateway is set up. 

If you need help applying please email jade@1accounts.co.uk 

1 Accounts Haverhill Capital Gains Tax advice when selling your house.

Capital Gains rules are changing!

Capital Gains rules are changing!

If you are a property investor or “accidental” landlord this is the blog for you. From the 6th of April 2020 the changes to Capital Gains tax rules will affect the sale of second homes and rental properties.


Capital Gains Tax

Capital Gains Tax is paid at the following rates:

  • 18% for the basic rate taxpayer
  • 28% for the higher rate taxpayer

The current rule means that if you sell your property in the tax year, you will pay your Capital Gains Tax in the January after it is declared on your tax return. The new rule means that you need to declare the sale to HMRC and pay the Capital Gain within 30 days of the sale. This will need to be carefully planned by unsuspecting landlords.

Get your house in order

No doubt, there will be penalties from HMRC with those who do not comply. We are keeping our fingers crossed that letting agents have informed their Landlords of these new changes.
If you are a property investor and are in the position where you have not declared your rental income, please take a look at our recent blog – “Have you received HMRC’s Love Letter?”

PPR relief

Other changes include PPR (Principle Private Residence) Relief. This is the relief that enables taxpayers to sell their homes without having to pay Capital Gains Tax. If you buy and move into a second home, the final period of exemption for PPR relief is going to be reduced from 18 months to 9 months.
This applies to Landlords that let privately. However, with the new rules starting in April and the restriction on mortgage interest, trading through a Limited Company could be the answer for property investors for the following reasons:

  • 19% Corporation Tax if you sell the property, rather than 28%.
  • Full tax relief on the interest of the loan

Pros & Cons

As with most things there are pros & cons. We can help you make informed decisions on how you want to invest and join the exciting world of being a Landlord. Despite HMRC doing their best to penalise Landlords, with the correct set up and letting partners, renting property can be very rewarding.

House with a heart

Have you received HMRC’s ‘love letter’?

Have you received HMRC’s ‘love letter’?

Have you declared your rental income? 

Lately we have seen an increase in HMRC asking people if they have received rental income. This comes in the form of a ‘love letter’ from HMRC and results in more and more people having to declare their rental income.


The reason for receiving this ‘love letter’ is HMRC’s computer system “connect”. Connect draws data from all departments and connects you to every government system. It also looks at our digital footprint, snooping on our social medias, Ebay accounts and even Airbnb bookings. Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) the computer will asses our profiles and see if we could afford rental properties by cross referencing with your declared income on your HMRC tax account.

Social boxes coming from computer

‘Love Letters’ 

Red envelope and hearts

The ‘love letters’ we refer to are a direct result of HMRC’s Connect talking to its mates at the Land Registry. From this data they form a list of people that have sold property. If it is not listed as your main residence HMRC will put two and two together and ask if you have sold a second home and/or rental property. This will then be subject to capital gains tax and more!

Have you declared? 

If the sold property was used as a rental property, HMRC will then look to see if you have declared the rental income. In a lot of cases this has not been done and can go back many years. In a recent case of ours, we had to declare 10 years of rental income for a Husband and Wife.

‘My Mate Down The Pub’ 

Getting tax advice down the pub is not always a good idea. In a few cases, taxpayers have been under the impression that because the mortgage payments covered the rental income they didn’t have to declare the rental income. In reality only the interest is deductible. For higher earners being able to offset the basic rate relief is being phased out, turning rental income into profit and therefore tax payable.

Beeng moved into her partner’s flat several years ago, and decided to rent out her own property rather than sell it. Being didn’t think she was making a profit which needed to be taxed, because the rental income just covered the mortgage payments.
When working out her rental profit. Being needs to be aware that the only allowable expense for her mortgage is the interest amount of her mortgage repayment.
The interest amount of mortgage payments is restricted to the basic rate of income tax, irrespective of which income tax rate Being normally pays for other income she may have


Take a look at HMRC’s website for more examples.

Our Advice 

If you have a rental property and need a ‘health check’ we would be happy to discuss and give you the options to declare the income and profit that you have been missing off of your tax returns. Declaring the error before the ‘love letter’ arrives will help your negotiations with HMRC and reduce any high penalties

No one wants a Tax Investigation.

No one wants a Tax Investigation.

It is true that as business owners we don’t want HMRC asking awkward questions and taking up our precious time by visiting us on a routine (or not!) compliance visit.

This week two of our clients have been subject to compliance visits from HMRC, one for PAYE and CIS, and the other for VAT. Understandably, our clients in both cases were worried by a visit from HMRC and needed our support from start to finish.

PAYE Investigation

In the case of the PAYE compliance, which included CIS, we were able to speak to our client before the meeting, attend the meeting along with our client, and reply to HMRC’s request in order to close the enquiry. We dealt with the issues and questions raised in the meeting successfully and HMRC could see that we had a good handle on our client’s business. They have now closed the case without penalty or further tax charge.  Our client was very happy that we were able to attend and support them at the meeting as it gave them extra peace of mind.

VAT Investigation

The VAT visit was very similar. We briefed our client before the meeting and attended the meeting with the VAT officer. One item was picked up by HMRC and a small adjustment will be made on the next return. In this case HMRC were complimentary about our business set up and the service that we provide our client, especially in understanding the business from the client’s point of view. This client is also really pleased with the service and were reassured by the fact that we were able to attend the meeting and deal with any questions that came up.

We have you covered

We insure ALL of our clients to cover our fees for dealing with HMRC from start to finish in these situations.  We often have clients tell us that they are covered by The Chamber of Commerce or The Federation for Small Businesses, however the cover from both organisations does not allow us to deal with any investigation that may occur, and so our support is limited. It is for this reason that we took the decision to fully cover our clients for no additional charge.

We appreciate that no one wants a Tax Investigation, however if a client does have an investigation it is really important that we are there, as we can help the client to deal with HMRC effectively. In both cases this week HMRC didn’t find anything of significance and both of our clients were very happy with our service. They were especially happy that our fees for assisting with the visits are covered by the insurance policy benefit that we have taken on their behalf and that there was no extra cost to them.